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Step 9: Research into Practice

Page history last edited by Maria J Grant 10 years, 1 month ago

HEALER Research Toolkit

Step 9: Implications of Your Research for Practice and Identifying How Findings Could Be Put Into Practice


Evidence Based Library and Information Practice (formerly Evidence Based Librarianship): 


“focuses on methods for resolving daily problems in the profession through the integration of experience and research. It involves asking questions, finding information to answer them (or conducting one’s own research) and applying that knowledge to our practice.” (Koufogiannakis & Crumley, 2002).


EBLIP can thus be seen both as a finishing point, in terms of applying the results of previously conducted research, and a starting point, in identifying an unmet need for further research.
When reading the research of others, or indeed thinking about how others might apply the findings of your research, there are four particular uses to which it might be put (Booth, 2004):

  1. Directly applicable evidence "the setting in which the research has been conducted is not significantly different from that in which your work. Research can be applied with little adaptation." 
  2. Conditionally applicable evidence  "where research results look promising but require further exploration (audit, survey, pilot) at a local level before applying the results." 
  3. Derivation, evidence applied by. "where some aspect of the methodology or perhaps the instrument can be adapted to your own practice, though different".  
  4. Enlightenment: "Where the research has no direct application to your practice but enhances your appreciation of a particular issue or phenomenon"   
The material from the FOLIO course Evidence Based Library and Information Practice: Delivering Services that Shine (EBLIP-Gloss), including references, provides a very good starting point for learning about evidence-based librarianship (EBL).
Good Introductory Articles
  • Crumley E and Koufogianniakis D (2002). Developing evidence based librarianship: practical steps for implementation. Health Information and Libraries Journal, 19 (2) 61-70.
  • Eldredge JD (2000). Evidence-based librarianship: an overview. Bulletin of the Medical Library Association 88(4) 289-302.
  • Koufogiannakis D (2006). Research in librarianship: some issues to consider. Library Hi Tech 24(3) 324-340.

Other Useful Resources

  • Evidence Based Library and Information Practice: This open-access journal EBLIP publishes original research and commentary on the topic of evidence based library and information practice, as well as reviews of previously published research (evidence summaries) on a wide number of topics. This journal also includes a good introductory occasional series (EBL 101) which covers the different stages of the EBLIP Process.  
  • Libraries Using Evidence: EBLIP Toolkit.  This is a comprehensive collection of resources relating to evidence-based practice in a range of different LIS areas.
  • Health Information & Libraries Journal: Using Evidence In Practice.  A regular feature within this quarterly peer reviewed (Impact Factor: 1.521), 'Using Evidence in Pracitce' provides practical examples of use of research. The article: Booth A (2009) Eleven steps to EBLIP service. Health Info Libr J. 2009 Mar;26(1):81-4, provides some practical steps on how to get started in using research in practice.

Sources of Research Evidence


  • Health Information and Libraries Journal 
  • Hypothesis - Journal of the MLA Research Section 
  • Information Research. Open access journal privately published and edited by Professor TD Wilson 
  • Journal of the Medical Library Association 
  • Library and Information Research. Open access journal published by the Library and Information Research Group (LIRG) 
  • LIBRES: Library and Information Science Research Electronic Journal 
  • Library and Information Science Abstracts (LISA) Database
  • Library and Information Science and Technology Abstracts (LISTA) Database
Strategies for Searching for Reviews of LIS Research Evidence
  • EBLIP-Gloss briefing: Acquire 
  • EBLIP Toolkit: Find the Evidence 
  • Eldredge J (2006) Evidence-based librarianship: the EBL process. Library Hi Tech 24(3) 341-354 
  • Koufogiannakis D, Crumley E (2006). Research in librarianship: some issues to consider. Library Hi Tech 24(3) 324-340.  
Commercial Aspects/By-Products of Research
The Policy Framework for the Management of Intellectual Property within the NHS issued by the Department of Health provides guidance on intellectual property. You should also check within your organisation for local intellectual property policies which may be applicable. 
Suggested Reading
  • Booth A (2004) Using research in practice. What research studies do practitioners actually find useful? HILJ, 21(3): 197-200.
  • Booth A, Brice A (2004) Evidence-based practice for information professionals: a handbook. London: Facet Publishing. 
  • Connor E (2007) Evidence-based librarianship: case studies and active learning exercises. Oxford: Chandos Publishing.
  • Koufogiannakis D, Crumley E. Applying Evidence to Your Everyday Practice. In Booth A & Brice A (Eds) Evidence Based Practice for Information Professionals: A handbook. (pp. 119-126) London: Facet Publishing.
  • Koufogiannakis D, Crumley E. (2002) “Evidence-based librarianship.” Feliciter 48(3): 112-114.


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